In her vision 2030 roadmap, Kenya government effectively outlined important measures the country need to implement in the process of mitigating and adapting to effects of climate change for a sustainable socio-economic and environmental development.
Kenya appears among first 55 countries that formally submitted their intended climate action INDC plans to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) a head of Paris summit in December.
According to the UNFCCC online report based on on-going submission of INDC plans, Kenya submitted her 2015 Climate action plan early last July where the government through the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources spelt out its mitigation and adaptation measures to address climate change issues.
In the plan, the Kenya government estimated that over USD 40 billion will be required for the country to mitigate and adapt climate change actions across sectors up to 2030.
“We have availed ourselves ready as a country in developing effective frameworks on which we can address climate change in terms of dealing with many threats it exposes to us as a nation, and I hope the action plan we are submitting to the UN will help us achieve our goals” Judy Wakhungu, the Kenyan Cabinet Secretary for Environment, water and Natural resources said recently in reference to the action plan.
Kenya like any other countries has admitted to be bearing the brunt of Climate Change impacts and social economic losses despite having low green house gases emissions capacity.
Kenya’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are relatively low, standing at 73 MtCO2eq in 2010, out of which 75% are from the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and agriculture sectors, according to the submitted plan, according to the Ministry of Environment , according to the country’s INDC plan.
In response to the challenges posed by Climate Change, Kenya has developed a National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS 2010), National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP 2013), and a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) – under preparation which provides a vision for low carbon and climate resilient development pathway, while a National Climate Change Framework Policy and legislation are in their final stages of enactment to facilitate effective response to climate change.
“The country is operationalizing these policies and plans through the implementation of climate change actions in various areas such as a forestation and reforestation, geothermal and other clean energy development, energy efficiency, climate smart agriculture, and drought management” says to the plan.
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has in many occasions expressed his government’s commitments in ensuring there is a workable National Climate change policy framework that can address issues of a forestation and renewable energy development in the country among other things.
Kenya’s INDC was built on the participatory multi-stakeholder and cross-sectoral consultative processes during the development of NCCRS and NCCAP at national and county levels according to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
With this the country aims to achieve a low carbon, climate resilient development pathway in promotion and implementation of the following mitigation activities.
- Expansion in geothermal, solar and wind energy production, other renewable and clean energy options.
- Enhancement of Energy and resource efficiency across the different sectors.
- Make progress towards achieving a tree cover of at least 10% of the land area of Kenya. Clean energy technologies to reduce overreliance on wood fuels.
- Low carbon and efficient transportation systems.
- Climate smart agriculture (CSA) in line with the National CSA Framework.Sustainable waste management systems.
The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) comes well in advance of a new universal climate change agreement to be reached during the COP21 UN climate conference in Paris.
The Paris agreement comes into effect in 2020, empowering all countries to act to prevent average global temperatures rising above 2 degrees Celsius and to reap the many opportunities that arise from a necessary global transformation to clean and sustainable development.
UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres encourages countries to come forward with their INDCs as soon as they are able, underlining their commitment and support towards the successful outcome in Paris summit.
Governments who are parties to the UNFCCC agreed during COP20 Peru Summit to submit their INDCs in advance of Paris talks while they increase the level of ambitions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions which seems to be accelerating the global warming and resulting into adverse effects of climate change currently threatening economic developments especially in developing countries.